ORTHODOXY IN ARABIC TERMS

A Study of Theodore Abu Qurrah’s Theology in its Islamic Context

Naijb George Awad (Hartford Seminary, Hartford, CT, USA)

Berlín, Alemania. Walter de GRUYTER Press. ISBN. 9781614515678. Marzo de 2015. XIV, 466. Encuadernado.

PVP EUR 118,00 (4% IVA incluido)

Este volumen presenta la teología cristiana apologética de Theodore Abu Qurrah (c. 750 – c. 823) en su diálogo con el Islam. Vivió en los primeros tiempos del Islam y es conocido como uno de los primeros obispos cristianos que pudo escribir y dirigirse en árabe a los musulmanes de su tiempo.

El libro explora la cuestión de si, en su intento de acercarse a la ortodoxia en árabe al mundo musulmán, se alejó de la creencia y teología cristiana y comprometió, de alguna forma, los dogmas propios.

Sirve como análisis de los diálogos entre cristianos y musulmanes, así como de la teología histórica en un estudio científico sin precedentes.

 

Como en todos los títulos de Walter de GRUYTER, podemos ofrecer las siguientes versiones:

-           Papel. EUR 118,00 (4% IVA incluido). ISBN. 978 1 61451 567 8.

-           eBook. EUR 134,00 (21% IVA incluido). ISBN. 978 1 61451 396 4.

-           Papel (tapa dura) y eBook. EUR 177,00 (4% IVA incluido). ISBN. 978 1 61451 397 1.

 

Extracto del índice:

Preface IX

Introduction 1

I. On Theodore Abū Qurrah, the Melkite Bishop of Ḥarrān 1

II. Abū Qurrah in this Study: Going beyond Mere Apologetics 8

III. Outline of the Volume and Abū Qurrah’s Works 14

Part One: The Historical and Religious Settings

Chapter One. “If Indeed They Were Known At All”: Christians’ Attitudes towards Islam 23

I. The Dawn of the Arabs’ ‘Invasion’ in the Eyes of Christians 23

II. Between Social and Cultural Appraisal and Simply Seeking to Survive 31

III. From Social Indifference to Apologetic Reaction 49

IV. Conclusion 57

Chapter Two. Abū Qurrah and the Christian Apologetics of the Melkite Church 58

I. From Emperor to Caliph: The End of Christian Triumphalism 58

II. The Christian Response to Islam and the Beginning of Apologetics 64

III. The Melkite Church in the Land of Islam: The Birth of Arabic Theology 74

IV. Theodore Abū Qurrah as an Apologetic Mutakallim: Remarks on Style 88

V. Towards a ‘Positive’ Orthodox Apologetic: On Being a Mutakallim after Abū Qurrah 103

Part Two: The Dogmatic Framework of Abū Qurrah’s Orthodoxy

Chapter Three. From Nicene Trinitarian Trends to Chalcedonian ChristologicalTerminology 115

I. Introduction 115

II. On Hypostasis in Greek Trinitarian Terminology 118

III. On Qnoma in Syriac Trinitarian Terminology 140

IV. Using Trinitarian Ontology in Re-reading Christological

Terminology 150

V. Conclusion 161

Chapter Four. Theodore Abū Qurrah’s Trinitarian Theology, or Orthodoxy in Dialogue with Muslim Monotheism

I. Introduction 163

II. Abū Qurrah’s Trinitarian Theology in al-Mujādalah 164

A. On Shirk and the Allegory of ‘Intellect’ 165

B. When Oneness Prevails over Trinitarian Unity 183

III. Abū Qurrah’s Trinitarian Theology in His Maymar on the Trinity 192

A. The Theological Argument of the Maymar 193

B. Some Remarks on the Trinitarian Terminology 212

IV. Abū Qurrah and the Melkites’ Trinitarian Legacy 234

A. John of Damascus and the Trinity 235

B. Maximus the Confessor and the Trinity 245

C. Abū Qurrah’s Trinitarian Theology: Confession or Innovation? 259

V. Conclusion 266

Chapter Five. Theodore Abū Qurrah’s Christological Discourse and the Muslims’ Jesus 267

I. When ‘Jesus the Son of God’ and ‘ʿĪsā Ibn Maryam’ Collided 267

II. On Jesus as Kalimat Allāh’ and Rūḥ Minhu 284

A. On Using the Terms ‘God’s Word’ and ‘Spirit’ in Christian and Muslim Kalām 284

B. Abū Qurrah’s Use of ‘God’s Word’ and ‘Spirit’ in al-Mujādalah and Other Maymars 292

III. Jesus’ Divine Sonship and the Muslim God, Who ‘Lam Yalid Wa-Lam Yūlad’ 314

A. God’s Taking a Child unto Himself in the Qurʼan and Kalām 314

B. Abū Qurrah’s Defense of Jesus’ Divine Sonship before the Muslims 328

IV. The Incarnation in Abū Qurrah’s Christology 359

A. The Incarnation between Tajassud/Taʾnnus and Ḥulūl 359

B. On the Incarnation as Ḥulūl in Abū Qurrah’s Apologies 369

VI Contents

V. Abū Qurrah and Melkite/Chalcedonian Christological Orthodoxy 380

A. Some Christological Views from John of Damascus 380

B. Some Christological Views from Maximus the Confessor 389

C. Abū Qurrah’s Christology and the Melkite Tradition: Concurrence or Divergence? 398

VI. Conclusion 408

Concluding Postscript. Theodore Abū Qurrah: A Melkite Orthodox Mutakallim in Dār al-Islām 411

Bibliography 430

Name Index 460

Subject Index 465

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